Most hypo/hyper symptoms make sense or are obvious. There are a couple that are a mystery to me, and I’d like to learn more.
What is the physical, medical explanation connecting:
- abdominal pains to DKA?
- labored breathing to DKA?
- sweating to hypoglycemia?
Abdominal pains from hyperglycaemia are a result of the increased acidity of the blood. This is a result of the body breaking down fat and muscle, as it cannot use sugar effectively, owing to a lack of insulin. The breakdown products of the aforementioned are acidic, and cause reflex tightening of the blood vessels in the gut, resulting in belly ache. This is also the reason there is laboured breathing, as the body is unable to get rid of the acid in the blood, it does so by making the person breath faster, to get rid of carbon dioxide, also an acid, from the lungs.
Sweating occurs in hypoglycaemia, as low sugars cause a rush of adrenalin, a hormone that has multiple functions, but also serves to increase blood sugars. However, it also stimulates the flight or fight response, hence the sweating.